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Historically, humans have used various means for moving from one place to another: their feet, canoes, skis, wheeled cart, ships, funiculars, hot air balloons, steamboats, steam locomotives, subways, electric trolleys, bicycles, motorcycles, cars, trucks, airplanes, helicopters, rockets and recently the Segway. Hence, roads, rails, the air and water are used for transportation of people and goods. On average, a European travels near 13 thousand kilometers per year within the European Union. The most common mean of transport of people is the car. Aviation, railways and sea travel are used to a lesser extent for the mobility of people.
In future, it is expected that the magnetic levitation technology will be used commonly for train and subway transport to reach a higher speed and decrease power consumption. Electric cars will gradually replace and outnumber the oil-based cars. Self-driving cars will increase the quality of life and help to reduce accidents.
Dependency On Oil: Fossil fuels are used to supply the majority of energy for transportation in Europe. While road transportation is the largest source of pollution in form of carbon dioxide (CO2) emission, rail is the least polluting means of transportation.
Congestion: Road and air transport in particular are significantly affected by congestion. Congestion is primarily caused by an increasing number of users of these means of mobility. Congestion leads to increase in travel time and costs.
Smart Mobility: Integration of road, railway, aviation and water transport, using emerging information and communication technologies, may lead to a better transportation system.

Mobility, Transport, Traffic, Infrastructure, CO2 emissions, Pollution, Passenger rights