The cyberspace and its infrastructure are vulnerable. The risks can be physical threats, cyber threats and hazards. Cyber criminals exploit the vulnerabilities of the systems for different purposes. They either steal information or they threaten and destroy essential services. Furthermore, other criminal activities are more and more relocated into cyberspace.
The security of cyberspace is difficult to maintain, because cybercriminals can act from anywhere in the world. A major risk in this context is the threat to critical infrastructure, because information technology is more and more integrated in physical infrastructure. There is an increasing risk of attacks on these infrastructures - with major consequences for societies, the environment or the economy. Due to the risks and the potential consequences, strengthening the security and resilience of cyberspace has become an important mission for the many stakeholders involved.
Critical Infrastructure: More and more parts of the basic infrastructure and of the defense systems are integrated or connected to the cyberspace. This makes them more vulnerable for attacks.
Cybercrime: It includes a broad variety of crimes such as financial fraud, intellectual property theft or other substantial crimes. Due to the anonymity in the internet, these crimes are often hard to track down.
Resilience: Many systems were implemented, when the risk of cyber-attacks was still rather low. Therefore, they don't meet the highest, state-of-the-art security standards. It is often difficult though to upgrade such older systems to a higher level.

Cybersecurity, Critical infrastructure, Cybercrime, Cyber resilience, Anonymity, Tracking